ABC:1 Corinthians 4

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Verse 5

Jim Meritt of Infidels.org claims a contradiction exists here concerning judging.[1]

1 Corinthians 2:15 But he that is spiritual judgeth all things, yet he himself is judged of no man.

1 Corinthians 4:5 Therefore judge nothing before the time, until the Lord come, who both will bring to light the hidden things of darkness, and will make manifest the counsels of the hearts: and then shall every man have praise of God.

Word Count

The Bible was not originally authored in English, the KJV translators picked 16th century English words (which by the way is different from today's English) that they thought correctly produced the word's meanings. In some cases, however, that creates confusion, as it does here. There are actually six different Greek words translated 'judge' by the King James Version's New Testament, but for purposes of this alleged contradiction only two of them will be examined here. The following is a table showing the Greek words translated 'judge' in the New Testament by the KJV, what their Strong's reference numbers are, how many times they are translated 'judge', and how many times they are used in the New Testament overall.

Greek Word Strong's Number Transl. Judge Total Usage
krino[2] 2919 88 114
krites[3] 2923 17 17
anakrino[4] 350 6 16
diakrino[5] 1252 3 19
dikastes[6] 2923 3 3
kriterion[7] 2922 1 3

Different Words

There are actually TWO Greek words translated "judge" here. Whereas 1 Corinthians 2:15 uses the Greek word anakrino 4:15 uses the word krino; there are actually two different words being translated 'judge' just as today we use the word judge with different meanings. The following is the Interlinear showing the original Greek overlaying the KJV text:

1 Corinthians 2:15 But <de> he that is spiritual <pneumatikos> judgeth <men> <anakrino> all things, <pas> yet <de> he himself <autos> is judged <anakrino> of <hupo> no man. <oudeis>

1 Corinthians 4:5 Therefore <hoste> judge <krino> nothing <me> <tis> before <pro> the time, <kairos> until <heos> <an> the Lord <kurios> come, <erchomai> who <hos> both <kai> will bring to light <photizo> the hidden things <kruptos> of darkness, <skotos> and <kai> will make manifest <phaneroo> the counsels <boule> of the hearts: <kardia> and <kai> then <tote> shall every man <hekastos> have <ginomai> praise <epainos> of <apo> God. <theos>

So what do these two different words translated judge mean? The following are definitions for anakrino, the Greek word seen in 1 Corinthians 4:5:

"350. anakrinw anakrino, an-ak-ree'-no

from 303 and 2919; properly, to scrutinize, i.e. (by implication) investigate, interrogate, determine:--ask, question, discern, examine, judge, search. See Greek 303 (ana), Greek 2919 (krino)" -Strong's Exhaustive Concordance with Greek and Hebrew Dictionaries[4]

"Strong's Number: 350 Transliterated Word: Anakrino Word Origin: from (303) and (2919) Definition: examine or judge to investigate, examine, enquire into, scrutinise, sift, question specifically in a forensic sense of a judge to hold an investigation to interrogate, examine the accused or witnesses to judge of, estimate, determine (the excellence or defects of any person or thing King James Word Usage - Total: 16 examine 6, judge 6, ask question 2, search 1, discern 1" -[8]

The following are definitions for the Greek word krino seen in 1 Corinthians 2:15:

"2919. krinw krino, kree'-no

properly, to distinguish, i.e. decide (mentally or judicially); by implication, to try, condemn, punish:--avenge, conclude, condemn, damn, decree, determine, esteem, judge, go to (sue at the) law, ordain, call in question, sentence to, think." -Strong's Exhaustive Concordance with Greek and Hebrew Dictionaries[2]

"Strong's Number: 2919 Transliterated Word: Krino Definition: 1) to separate, put asunder, to pick out, select, choose 2) to approve, esteem, to prefer 3) to be of opinion, deem, think, to be of opinion 4) to determine, resolve, decree 5) to judge 5a) to pronounce an opinion concerning right and wrong 5a1) to be judged, i.e. summoned to trial that one' s case may be examined and judgment passed upon it 5b) to pronounce judgment, to subject to censure 5b1) of those who act the part of judges or arbiters in matters of common life, or pass judgment on the deeds and words of others 6) to rule, govern 6a) to preside over with the power of giving judicial decisions, because it was the prerogative of kings and rulers to pass judgment 7) to contend together, of warriors and combatants 7a) to dispute 7b) in a forensic sense 7b1) to go to law, have suit at law King James Word Usage - Total: 114 judge 88, determine 7, condemn 5, go to law 2, call in question 2, esteem 2, miscellaneous 8" The KJV New Testament Greek Lexicon[9]

Anakrino is a rarely used word found just 16 times, but clearly appears to mean scrutinize or examine as seen from its usage in Luke 23:14; Acts 4:9, 12:19, 17:11, 24:11, and 28:18. Christians are frequently said to examine or scrutinize using this word, and no commandment against doing so is given. As seen from 1 Corinthians 10:27 it can be used as "examining (anakrinos) no examination (anakrinos)." For whatever reason the KJV translators who had been translating it examined before 1 Corinthians once in the book of 1 Corinthians translated it as judged instead. The following is the Interlinear for all places where it is found:

Luke 23:14 Said <epo> unto <pros> them <autos>, Ye have brought <prosphero> this <touto> man <anthropos> unto me <moi>, as <hos> one that perverteth <apostrepho> the people <laos>: and <kai>, behold <idou>, I <ego>, having examined <anakrino> him before <enopion> you <humon>, have found <heurisko> no <oudeis> fault <aition> in <en> this <touton> man <anthropos> touching those things <hos> whereof <kata> ye accuse <kategoreo> him <autos>:

Acts 4:9 If <ei> we <hemeis> this day <semeron> be examined <anakrino> of <epi> the good deed done <euergesia> to the impotent <asthenes> man <anthropos>, by <en> what means <tis> he <houtos> is made whole <sozo>;

Acts 12:19 And <de> when <epizeteo> Herod <Herodes> had sought for <epizeteo> him <autos>, and <kai> found him <heurisko> not <me>, he examined <anakrino> the keepers <phulax>, and commanded <keleuo> that they should be put to death <apago>. And <kai> he went down <katerchomai> from <apo> Judaea <Ioudaia> to <eis> Caesarea <Kaisereia>, and there abode <diatribo>.

Acts 17:11 <de> These <houtos> were <en> more noble <eugenes> than those in <en> Thessalonica <Thessalonike>, in that they <hostis> received <dechomai> the word <logos> with <meta> all <pas> readiness of mind <prothumia>, and searched <anakrino> the scriptures <graphe> daily <hemera> <kata>, whether <ei> those things <tauta> were <echo> so <houto>.

Acts 24:8 Commanding <keleuo> his <autos> accusers <kategoros> to come <erchomai> unto <epi> thee <se>: by examining <anakrino> of <para> whom <hos> thyself <autos> mayest <dunamai> take knowledge <epiginosko> of <peri> all <pas> these things <touton>, whereof <hos> we <hemeis> accuse <kategoreo> him <autos>.

Acts 28:18 Who <hostis>, when they had examined <anakrino> me <me>, would <boulomai> have let me go <apoluo>, because <dia> there was <huparcho> no <medeis> cause <aitia> of death <thanatos> in <en> me <emoi>.

1 Corinthians 2:14 But <de> the natural <psuchikos> man <anthropos> receiveth <dechomai> not <ou> the things <ho> of the Spirit <pneuma> of God <theos>: for <gar> they are <esti> foolishness <moria> unto him <autos>: neither <kai> <ou> can <dunamai> he know <ginosko> them, because <hoti> they are spiritually <pneumatikos> discerned <anakrino>.

1 Corinthians 2:15 But <de> he that is spiritual <pneumatikos> judgeth <men> <anakrino> all things <pas>, yet <de> he himself <autos> is judged <anakrino> of <hupo> no man <oudeis>.

1 Corinthians 4:3 But <de> with me <emoi> it is <esti> a very small thing <eis> <elachistos> that <hina> I should be judged <anakrino> of <hupo> you <humon>, or <e> of <hupo> man's <anthropinos> judgment <hemera>: yea <alla>, I judge <anakrino> not <oude> mine own self <emautou>.

1 Corinthians 4:4 For <gar> I know <suneido> nothing <oudeis> by myself <emautou>; yet <alla> am I <dikaioo> not <ou> hereby <en> <touto> justified <dikaioo>: but <de> he that judgeth <anakrino> me <me> is <esti> the Lord <kurios>.

1 Corinthians 9:3 Mine <emos> answer <apologia> to them that do examine <anakrino> me <eme> is <esti> this <houtos>,

1 Corinthians 10:25 Whatsoever <pas> is sold <poleo> in <en> the shambles <makellon>, that eat <esthio>, asking <anakrino> no <medeis> question <anakrino> for <dia> conscience <suneidesis> sake <dia>:

1 Corinthians 10:27 <de> If any <ei tis> of them that believe not <apistos> bid <kaleo> you <humas> to a feast, and <kai> ye be disposed <thelo> to go <poreuomai>; whatsoever <pas> is set before <paratithemi> you <humin>, eat <esthio>, asking <anakrino> no <medeis> question <anakrino> for <dia> conscience <suneidesis> sake <dia>.

1 Corinthians 14:24 But <de> if <ean> all <pas> prophesy <propheteuo>, and <de> there come in <eiserchomai> one <tis> that believeth not <apistos>, or <e> one unlearned <idiotes>, he is convinced <elegcho> of <hupo> all <pas>, he is judged <anakrino> of <hupo> all <pas>:

Whereas anakrinos was a casual term meaning examination or scrutiny, krinos is a legal term referring to judicial judgment and punishment. It is frequently used throughout the New Testament to refer to legal rulings. The following are a few of the verses where it is used:

Matthew 5:40 And <kai> if any man will <thelo> sue <krino> thee <soi> at the law <krino>, and <kai> take away <lambano> thy <sou> coat <chiton>, let <aphiemi> him <autos> have <aphiemi> thy cloke <himation> also <kai>.

Matthew 7:2 For <en> with <hos> what <gar> judgment <krima> ye judge <krino>, ye shall be judged <krino>: and <kai> with <en> what <hos> measure <metron> ye mete <metreo>, it shall be measured <antimetreo> to you <humin> again <antimetreo>.

John 3:17 For <gar> God <theos> sent <apostello> not <ou> his <autos> Son <huios> into <eis> the world <kosmos> to <hina> condemn <krino> the world <kosmos>; but <alla> that <hina> the world <kosmos> through <dia> him <autos> might be saved <sozo>.
18 He that believeth <pisteuo> on <eis> him <autos> is <krino> not <ou> condemned <krino>: but <de> he that believeth <pisteuo> not <me> is condemned <krino> already <ede>, because <hoti> he hath <pisteuo> not <me> believed <pisteuo> in <eis> the name <onoma> of the only begotten <monogenes> Son <huios> of God <theos>.

John 7:51 Doth <krino> our <hemon> law <nomos> judge <krino> <me> any man <anthropos>, before <proteron> <ean me> it hear <akouo> <para> him <autos>, and <kai> know <ginosko> what <tis> he doeth <poieo>?

John 18:31 Then <oun> said <epo> Pilate <Pilatos> unto them <autos>, Take <lambano> ye <humeis> him <autos>, and <kai> judge <krino> him <autos> according <kata> to your <humon> law <nomos>. The Jews <Ioudaios> therefore <oun> said <epo> unto him <autos>, It is <exesti> not <ou> lawful <exesti> for us <hemin> to put <apokteino> any man <oudeis> to death <apokteino>:

Acts 3:13 The God <theos> of Abraham <Abraam>, and <kai> of Isaac <Isaak>, and <kai> of Jacob <Iakob>, the God <theos> of our <hemon> fathers <pater>, hath glorified <doxazo> his <autos> Son <pais> Jesus <Iesous>; whom <hos> ye <humeis> delivered up <paradidomi>, and <kai> denied <arneomai> him <autos> in <kata> the presence <prosopon> of Pilate <Pilatos>, when he was determined <krino> to let <apoluo> him <ekeinos> go <apoluo>.

Acts 13:27 For <gar> they that dwell <katoikeo> at <en> Jerusalem <Hierousalem>, and <kai> their <autos> rulers <archon>, because they knew <agnoeo> him <touton> not <agnoeo>, nor yet <kai> the voices <phone> of the prophets <prophetes> which <ho> are read <anaginosko> <kata> every <pas> sabbath day <sabbaton>, they have fulfilled <pleroo> them in condemning <krino> him.

Acts 15:19 Wherefore <dio> my <ego> sentence is <krino>, that we trouble <parenochleo> not <me> them, which <ho> from among <apo> the Gentiles <ethnos> are turned <epistrepho> to <epi> God <theos>:

Acts 23:3 Then <tote> said <epo> Paul <Paulos> unto <pros> him <autos>, God <theos> shall <mello> smite <tupto> thee <se>, thou whited <koniao> wall <toichos>: for <kai> sittest <kathemai> thou <su> to judge <krino> me <me> after <kata> the law <nomos>, and <kai> commandest <keleuo> me <me> to be smitten <tupto> contrary to the law <paranomeo>?

Acts 24:6 Who <hos> also <kai> hath gone about <peirazo> to profane <bebeloo> the temple <hieron>: <kai> whom <hos> we took <krateo>, and <kai> would <thelo> have judged <krino> according <kata> to our <hemeteros> law <nomos>.

Acts 25:9 But <de> Festus <Phestos>, willing <thelo> to do <katatithemi> the Jews <Ioudaios> a pleasure <charis>, answered <apokrinomai> Paul <Paulos>, and said <epo>, Wilt thou <thelo> go up <anabaino> to <eis> Jerusalem <Hierosoluma>, and there <ekei> be judged <krino> of <peri> these things <touton> before <epi> me <emou>?
10 Then <de> said <epo> Paul <Paulos>, I stand <eimi> <histemi> at <epi> Caesar's <Kaisar> judgment seat <bema>, where <hou> I <me> ought <dei> to be judged <krino>: to the Jews <Ioudaios> have I done <adikeo> no <oudeis> wrong <adikeo>, as <hos> <kai> thou <su> very well <kallion> knowest <epiginosko>.

Romans 2:27 And <kai> shall not <krino> uncircumcision <akrobustia> which is by <ek> nature <phusis>, if it fulfil <teleo> the law <nomos>, judge <krino> thee <se>, who by <dia> the letter <gramma> and <kai> circumcision <peritome> dost transgress <parabates> the law <nomos>?

Romans 3:6 God forbid <me> <ginomai>: for then <epei> how <pos> shall <krino> God <theos> judge <krino> the world <kosmos>?

1 Corinthians 6:1 Dare <tolmao> any <tis> of you <humon>, having <echo> a matter <pragma> against <pros> another <heteros>, go to law <krino> before <epi> the unjust <adikos>, and <kai> not <ouchi> before <epi> the saints <hagios>?

Revelation 20:13 And <kai> the sea <thalassa> gave up <didomi> the dead <nekros> which <ho> were in <en> it <autos>; and <kai> death <thanatos> and <kai> hell <hades> delivered up <didomi> the dead <nekros> which <ho> were in <en> them <autos>: and <kai> they were judged <krino> every man <hekastos> according to <kata> their <autos> works <ergon>.

Summary

In conclusion, the Greek word anakrinos used in 1 Corinthians 2:15 simply means judgment in the sense of scrutinizing or examining. Christians are shown to use this kind of judgment and there is nothing wrong with doing so according to the Bible.

However, the Greek word krinos used in 1 Corinthians 4:5 is a legal term referring to judging, sentencing, or condemning with punishments to (often negatively) affect another person. Christians are repeatedly told not to use this kind of judgment:

Matthew 7:1 Judge <krino> not <me>, that <hina me> ye be <krino> not <hina me> judged <krino>.
2 For <en> with <hos> what <gar> judgment <krima> ye judge <krino>, ye shall be judged <krino>: and <kai> with <en> what <hos> measure <metron> ye mete <metreo>, it shall be measured <antimetreo> to you <humin> again <antimetreo>.

Romans 2:1 Therefore <dio> thou art <ei> inexcusable <anapologetos>, O <o> man <anthropos>, whosoever <pas> thou art that judgest <krino>: for <gar> wherein <en> <hos> thou judgest <krino> another <heteros>, thou condemnest <katakrino> thyself <seautou>; for <gar> thou that judgest <krino> doest <prasso> the same things <autos>.

Romans 2:3 And <de> thinkest thou <logizomai> this <touto>, O <o> man <anthropos>, that judgest <krino> them which do <prasso> such things <toioutos>, and <kai> doest <poieo> the same <autos>, that <hoti> thou <su> shalt escape <ekpheugo> the judgment <krima> of God <theos>?

Romans 14:3 Let <exoutheneo> not <me> him that eateth <esthio> despise <exoutheneo> him that eateth <esthio> not <me>; and <kai> let <esthio> not <me> him which eateth <esthio> not <me> judge <krino> him that eateth <esthio>: for <gar> God <theos> hath received <proslambano> him <autos>.
4 Who <tis> art <ei> thou <su> that judgest <krino> another man's <allotrios> servant <oiketes>? to his own <idios> master <kurios> he standeth <steko> or <e> falleth <pipto>. Yea <de>, he shall be holden up <histemi>: for <gar> God <theos> is <esti> able <dunatos> to make <histemi> him <autos> stand <histemi>.

Romans 14:13 Let us <krino> not therefore <oun> judge <krino> one another <allelon> any more <meketi>: but <alla> judge <krino> this <touto> rather <mallon>, that no man <me> put <tithemi> a stumblingblock <proskomma> or <e> an occasion to fall <skandalon> in his brother's way <adelphos>.

1 Corinthians 4:5 Therefore <hoste> judge <krino> nothing <me> <tis> before <pro> the time <kairos>, until <heos> <an> the Lord <kurios> come <erchomai>, who <hos> both <kai> will bring to light <photizo> the hidden things <kruptos> of darkness <skotos>, and <kai> will make manifest <phaneroo> the counsels <boule> of the hearts <kardia>: and <kai> then <tote> shall every man <hekastos> have <ginomai> praise <epainos> of <apo> God <theos>.

James 4:11 Speak <katalaleo> not <me> evil <katalaleo> one of another <allelon>, brethren <adelphos>. He that speaketh evil <katalaleo> of his brother <adelphos>, and <kai> judgeth <krino> his <autos> brother <adelphos>, speaketh evil <katalaleo> of the law <nomos>, and <kai> judgeth <krino> the law <nomos>: but <de> if <ei> thou judge <krino> the law <nomos>, thou art <ei> not <ou> a doer <poietes> of the law <nomos>, but <alla> a judge <krites>.
12 There is <esti> one <heis> lawgiver <nomothetes>, who <ho> is able <dunamai> to save <sozo> and <kai> to destroy <apollumi>: who <tis> art <ei> thou <su> that <hos> judgest <krino> another <heteros>?

However, Christians are told of the word krino to "judge in yourselves". On rare occasions it is used to refer to a self-judgment or judgment of what is right, rather than another person, and in such cases we are told to judge with it. Whereas Christians are commanded not to judge OTHERS, they are commanded to judge RIGHT AND WRONG, i.e. determine for themselves what is right without condemning others. In essence, Christians are commanded to judge concepts, not people.

Luke 12:57 Yea <de>, and why <tis> even <kai> of <apo> yourselves <heautou> judge ye <krino> not <ou> what is right <dikaios>?

John 7:24 Judge <krino> not <me> according to <kata> the appearance <opsis>, but <alla> judge <krino> righteous <dikaios> judgment <krisis>.

Acts 4:19 But <de> Peter <Petros> and <kai> John <Ioannes> answered <apokrinomai> and said <epo> unto <pros> them <autos>, Whether <ei> it be <esti> right <dikaios> in the sight <enopion> of God <theos> to hearken <akouo> unto you <humon> more than <mallon> <e> unto God <theos>, judge ye <krino>.

Romans 14:5 One <men> man <hos> esteemeth <krino> one day <hemera> above <para> another <hemera>: <de> another <hos> esteemeth <krino> every <pas> day <hemera> alike. Let <plerophoreo> every man <hekastos> be fully persuaded <plerophoreo> in <en> his own <idios> mind <nous>.

1 Corinthians 10:15 I speak <lego> as <hos> to wise men <phronimos>; judge <krino> ye <humeis> what <hos> I say <phemi>.

1 Corinthians 11:13 Judge <krino> in <en> yourselves <humin> <autos>: is it <esti> comely <prepo> that a woman <gune> pray <proseuchomai> unto God <theos> uncovered <akatakaluptos>?

1 Corinthians 11:31 For <gar> if <ei> we would judge <diakrino> ourselves <heautou>, we should <an> not <ou> be judged <krino>.

2 Corinthians 2:1 But <de> I determined <krino> this <touto> with myself <emautou>, that I would <erchomai> not <me> come <erchomai> again <palin> to <pros> you <humas> in <en> heaviness <lupe>.

2 Corinthians 5:14 For <gar> the love <agape> of Christ <Christos> constraineth <sunecho> us <hemas>; because we thus <touto> judge <krino>, that <hoti> if <ei> one <heis> died <apothnesko> for <huper> all <pas>, then <ara> were <apothnesko> all <pas> dead <apothnesko>:

Titus 3:12 When <hotan> I shall send <pempo> Artemas <Artemas> unto <pros> thee <se>, or <e> Tychicus <Tuchikos>, be diligent <spoudazo> to come <erchomai> unto <pros> me <me> to <eis> Nicopolis <Nikopolis>: for <gar> I have determined <krino> there <ekei> to winter <paracheimazo>.

There also appears to be cases where internal judgment within churches is considered right, even though such judgment outside is wrong. This appears to be because as 1 Corinthians 5:13 shows, God judges those outside the church, but Christians are called to judge themselves, i.e. "them that are within."

1 Corinthians 5:3 For <gar> I <ego> verily <men>, as <hos> absent <apeimi> in body <soma>, but <de> present <pareimi> in spirit <pneuma>, have judged <krino> already <ede>, as <hos> though I were present <pareimi>, concerning him that hath <katergazomai> so <houto> done <katergazomai> this deed <touto>,

1 Corinthians 5:12 For <gar> what <tis> have I <moi> to do to judge <krino> them also <kai> that are without <exo>? do <krino> not <ouchi> ye <humeis> judge <krino> them that are within <eso>?

1 Corinthians 5:13 But <de> them that are without <exo> God <theos> judgeth <krino>. Therefore <kai> put away <exairo> from <ek> among yourselves <humon> that <autos> wicked person <poneros>.

1 Corinthians 6:1 Dare <tolmao> any <tis> of you <humon>, having <echo> a matter <pragma> against <pros> another <heteros>, go to law <krino> before <epi> the unjust <adikos>, and <kai> not <ouchi> before <epi> the saints <hagios>?
2 Do ye <eido> not <ou> know <eido> that <hoti> the saints <hagios> shall judge <krino> the world <kosmos>? and <kai> if <ei> the world <kosmos> shall be judged <krino> by <en> you <humin>, are ye <este> unworthy <anaxios> to judge <kriterion> the smallest matters <elachistos>?
3 Know ye <eido> not <ou> that <hoti> we shall judge <krino> angels <aggelos>? how much more <metige> <ge> things that pertain to this life <biotikos>?

1 Corinthians 6:6 But <alla> brother <adelphos> goeth to law <krino> with <meta> brother <adelphos>, and <kai> that <touto> before <epi> the unbelievers <apistos>.

In summary, the confusion is caused in part because several different words are actually being translated as 'judge' from the original Greek text that have different meanings. Even when the same word 'krino' is used, it can be used in different ways and contexts. In reference to judging others it is often said to be wrong for purposes of condemning or punishing, since God is the only Judge. However, the word is also used sometimes to speak of internal judgment or deciding, the way we would say "judge for yourselves whether it's okay to harm others," and such judgment is alright in that context.

There also is a kind of internal church judgment seen from 1 Corinthians 5-6 which is Biblical and necessary that Christianity is not infiltrated with Satan's tares. (Matthew 13:25-40) Although Christians are commanded not to go to courts of law before the unbelievers (1 Corinthians 6:6) they are told to "have no fellowship with" those doing evil (Ephesians 5:7-11; 2 Thessalonians 3:14) and remove them from the church. (1 Corinthians 5:13) Such punishment is not done to condemn or punish those removed but keep the church and its reputation pure, and they are to be restored if turning from their wickedness, while being "admonished as a brother." (Galatians 6:1, 2 Thessalonians 3:15)

Sources

  1. Meritt, Jim (1992). A list of Biblical contradictions. Retrieved from http://www.infidels.org/library/modern/jim_meritt/bible-contradictions.html.
  2. 2.0 2.1 Strong, James (1979). Strong's Exhaustive Concordance with Greek and Hebrew Dictionaries. 2919: Krino. Retrieved from http://www.bibletools.org/index.cfm/fuseaction/Lexicon.show/ID/G2919/krino.htm.
  3. Thayer and Smith. Greek Lexicon entry for Krites. The KJV New Testament Greek Lexicon. Retrieved from http://www.biblestudytools.com/lexicons/greek/kjv/krites.html.
  4. 4.0 4.1 Thayer and Smith. Greek Lexicon entry for Anakrino. The KJV New Testament Greek Lexicon. Retrieved from http://www.biblestudytools.com/lexicons/greek/kjv/anakrino.html.
  5. Thayer and Smith. Greek Lexicon entry for Diakrino. The KJV New Testament Greek Lexicon. Retrieved from http://www.biblestudytools.com/lexicons/greek/kjv/diakrino.html.
  6. Thayer and Smith. Greek Lexicon entry for Dikastes. The KJV New Testament Greek Lexicon. Retrieved from http://www.biblestudytools.com/lexicons/greek/kjv/dikastes.html.
  7. Thayer and Smith. Greek Lexicon entry for Kriterion. The KJV New Testament Greek Lexicon. Retrieved from http://www.biblestudytools.com/lexicons/greek/kjv/kriterion.html.
  8. Thayer and Smith. Greek Lexicon entry for Anakrino. The KJV New Testament Greek Lexicon. Retrieved from http://www.biblestudytools.com/lexicons/greek/kjv/anakrino.html.
  9. Thayer and Smith. Greek Lexicon entry for Krino. The KJV New Testament Greek Lexicon. Retrieved from http://www.biblestudytools.com/lexicons/greek/kjv/krino.html.