Baramin

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Classes

Plants

Genesis 1:11-12 provides 2 definite categories of plants. A third possible type may be mentioned, Deshe (KJV grass), but may just be a generic term for plants used to describe the following 2, especially since the word Miyn (KJV kind) is not clearly used of it.

  • 1 - 'Eseb Zara' Zera' ("Seed-Sowing Plant") - Three Hebrew words are used, 'Eseb meaning plant (KJV herb or grass), Zara' meaning to sow (KJV sow), and Zera' meaning seed (KJV seed), thus Seed-Sowing Plant. It was created the 3rd day of creation. (Genesis 1:11-12)
  • 2 - Periy 'Ets ("Fruit Tree") - The Hebrew words used are Periy meaning fruit and 'Ets meaning Tree. It is specifically said to have seed within itself. It was created the 3rd day of creation. (Genesis 1:11-12)

Life

Concerning other life, the following categories are provided in Genesis 1:20-30:

  • 1 - Mayim Sherets ("Marine Creeping Things") - The Hebrew word Sherets is often translated creeping thing, and is used with another Hebrew word Mayim meaning waters, thus effectively referring to small marine life. It is the first creation mentioned in Genesis 1 and was made the 5th day of creation (thus involving marine life). (book=Genesis 1:20) In Leviticus 11:10 the marine creeping things were specifically said to be everything without fins and scales in the seas and rivers.
  • 2 - 'Owph ("Flying Creatures") - This Hebrew word is often translated "fowl" by the KJV but simply refers to flying creatures, both birds and insects, and appears the best defined of the Biblical families. They are the second creation mentioned in Genesis 1 and were made the 5th day. (Genesis 1:20-30) Specific bird families mentioned include nesher (KJV eagles), perec (KJV ossifrage), 'ozniyah (KJV ospray), da'ah (KJV vulture), 'ayah (KJV kite), 'oreb (KJV raven), bath ya'anah (KJV owl), tachmac (KJV night hawk), shachaph (KJV cuckow), nets (KJV hawk), kowc (KJV little owl), shalak (KJV cormorant), dayah (KJV vulture), yanshuwph (KJV great owl), tanshemeth (KJV swan), qa'ath (KJV pelican), ra'ah (KJV glede), racham (KJV gier eagle), chaciydah (KJV stork), 'anaphah (KJV heron), duwkiyphath (KJV lapwing), and 'atalleph (KJV bat). (Deuteronomy 14:11-21)
'Owph Sherets ("Flying Creeping Things"), i.e. insects, were apparently a subgroup within 'Owph. Specific families named included 'arbeh (KJV locusts), col'am (KJV bald locusts), chargol (KJV beetles), and chagab (KJV grasshoppers). Insects were divided into two groups, one okay for eating (Clean), and one not okay (Unclean), with the difference those which had 4 legs as opposed to a different number. (Leviticus 11:21-25)
  • 3 - Gadowl Tanniyn ("Huge Dragons") - See Dinosaurs. Two Hebrew words are used here, Gadowl meaning "Huge" and Tanniyn, a word of uncertain origin usually translated "Dragon" by the KJV (21 times) and otherwise translated "Serpent" (3 times), "Whale" (3 times), or "Sea Monster (1 time). In Genesis 1 the two words are translated "Great Whales". It is the 3rd creation mentioned in Genesis 1 and was created the 5th day. (Genesis 1:21) A specific family is the livyathan (KJV leviathan, also called piercing serpent - Isaiah 13:22), a deep-sea-dwelling, fire-breathing, nearly invulnerable creature with air-tight scales mentioned in {Job 41 and Isaiah 27:1 said to play with ships (Psalms 104:26), that was destroyed by God and given as food to those in the wilderness. (Psalms 74:13-14).
  • 4 - Mayim Chay ("Marine Life") - Chay is often translated "life", whereas Mayim refers to waters, thus Marine Life. It appears a major category for fish and larger marine life. It is the 4th creation mentioned in Genesis 1 and was created the 5th day. (Genesis 1:21-22) It appears grouped together with 3 of the 4 previously mentioned categories (minus 'Owph) as Dagah Yam (KJV fish of the sea) later in the chapter. (Genesis 1:26-28) They appear to be defined as having fins and scales in Leviticus 11:9 and Deuteronomy 14:9-10.
  • 5 - 'Erets Chay ("Earth Life") - Two Hebrew words are used here, Chay often translated "life" by the KJV, and 'Erets meaning Earth, in other words, Earth Life (KJV beasts of the earth). They are the 5th creation mentioned and were created the 6th day. (Genesis 1:24-30) They were mentioned twice in v. 24 and thus may include two primary kinds. They appear to have been divided by those which went on their paws on all fours, and those which did not. (Leviticus 11:27-28)
  • 6 - Behemah ("Cattle") - The Hebrew word is always translated by the KJV as "beast" or "cattle" and appears to involve the idea of cattle. They are the 6th creation mentioned and were created the 6th day. (Genesis 1:24-26) They were defined in two groups, those with parted hooves/cloved feet and chewed the cud, and those which did not. (Leviticus 11:4, Deuteronomy 14:6-7) Specific families appear to include chamowr (KJV ass), showr (KJV ox), seh (KJV sheep), gamal (KJV camel), te'ow (KJV wild ox), 'ez (KJV goat), 'ayal (KJV hart), tsebiy (KJV roebuck), yachmuwr (KJV fallow deer), 'aqqow (KJV wild goat), zemer (KJV chamois), shaphan (KJV coney), 'arnebath (KJV hare), diyshon (KJV pygarg), and chaziyr (KJV swine). (Exodus 22:10, Leviticus 11:4-8, Deuteronomy 14:4-8)
  • 7 - Remes ("Reptiles") - Remes is usually translated "creeping thing" by the KJV, and the word appears to mean Reptile or Lizard. It doesn't appear to involve insects, which are mentioned instead as Owph in Leviticus 11:20-23. This is the 7th creation of Genesis 1 and was created the 6th day. (Genesis 1:24-26) It appears to be also described as Sherets 'Erets in (Leviticua 11:29), in describing creeping things of the earth, with specific families said to be 'akbar (KJV mice), tsab (KJV tortoise), 'anaqah (KJV ferret), koach (KJV chameleon), leta'ah (KJV lizard), chomet (KJV snail), and tanshemeth (KJV mole). (Leviticus 11:29-35).
  • 8 - 'Adam ("Man") - Meaning man. They were the 8th and last of God's creations made in Genesis 1, and were created on the 6th day of creation; designated as caretakers of the other creations. (Genesis 1:26-30)

Proposed Kinds

The following is a rough attempt to define the broadest definitions of kinds possible that macroevolution should not be seen occurring between or outside. Some extinct types mentioned need to be merged with their modern-day equivalents.

Marine Creeping Things

Mollusks

Includes:

  • Snails
  • Oysters
  • Clams
  • Slugs
  • Mussels
  • Orthoceras (extinct)
  • Cenoceras (extinct)
  • Ammonites (extinct)
  • Eutrephoceras (extinct)
  • Rayonnoceras (extinct)
  • Cyrtoceras (extinct)

Arachnids

Includes:

  • Lobsters
  • Crabs
  • Spiders
  • Tarantulas
  • Attercopus (extinct)
  • Eurypterids (extinct)
  • Jaekelopterus (extinct)
  • Eoplectreurys (extinct)

Ticks

Includes:

  • Fleas

Worms

Myriapods

Includes:

  • Remipedes
  • Millipedes
  • Centipedes
  • Arthropleura (extinct)

Flying Creeping Things

Ants

Includes:

  • Termites[1]
  • Cucujus
  • Entomobrya atrocinctus (extinct)[2]
  • Rhyniognatha (extinct)
  • Sphecomyrma (extinct)

Lepidoptera

Includes:

  • Butterflies
  • Moths
  • Archaeolepis (extinct)

Hymenoptera

Includes:

  • Bees
  • Wasps
  • Hornets
  • Melittosphex (extinct)

Locusts

Includes:

  • Grasshoppers
  • Mantids
  • Crickets
  • Katydids
  • Cicadas

Flies

Includes:

  • Horseflies
  • Fruit Flies

Beetles

Ants may ultimately be included with some form of beetles. Includes:

  • Lightning Bugs
  • Stinkbugs
  • Ladybugs
  • Carrion Beetle
  • Dung Beetle
  • Scarab Beetle
  • Leaf Beetle

Dragonflies

Includes:

  • Hangingflies
  • Meganeura (extinct)
  • Meganisoptera (extinct)
  • Sinomeganeura (extinct)
  • Formosibittacus (extinct)
  • Jurahylobittacus (extinct)
  • Mongolbittacus (extinct)

Leaf-Like

Includes:

  • Eophyllium (extinct)

Flying Creatures

Noble Birds

Includes:

  • Hawks (Deuteronomy 14:15)
  • Eagles (Deuteronomy 14:12)
  • Owls (Deuteronomy 14:15)
  • Falcons
  • Osprey
  • Kites
  • Harpagornis (extinct)
  • Haast's Eagle (extinct)

Doves

Includes:

  • Pigeons

Carrion-Eaters

Includes:

  • Vultures (Deuteronomy 14:13)
  • Condors
  • Buzzards
  • Teratorns (extinct)

Songbirds

Includes:

  • Finches
  • Robins
  • Sparrows
  • Orioles
  • Swallows

Gulls

Includes:

  • Terns

Parrots

Includes:

  • Toucans
  • Cockatoos
  • Macaws

Fish-Eaters

Includes:

  • Pelicans (Deuteronomy 14:17)
  • Herons (Deuteronomy 14:18)
  • Storks (Deuteronomy 14:18)

Foolish Birds

Includes:

  • Chicken
  • Pheasants
  • Turkeys
  • Quail
  • Dodos (extinct)

Bats

(Deuteronomy 14:18) Includes:

  • Icaronycterus (extinct)

Large Birds

Includes:

  • Ostriches
  • Moa (extinct)
  • Elephant Birds (extinct)
  • Gastornis (extinct)
  • Phorusrhacid (extinct)
  • Dromornithidae (extinct)

Anatidae

May be part of a kind with gulls/terns. Includes:

  • Ducks
  • Geese

Huge Dragons

Plesiosaurs

Theropods

Includes:

  • Tyrannosaurs (extinct)

Ornithopods

Marginocephalia

Archosaurs

Includes:

  • Crocodiles
  • Aligators
  • Caimans
  • Gharials
  • Sarchosuchus (extinct)
  • Deinosuchus (extinct)
  • Kaprosuchus (extinct)
  • Voay (extinct)
  • Pristichampsus (extinct)
  • Prionosuchus (extinct)

Sauropods

I'm not certain these should be classified here. Includes:

  • Titanosaurs (extinct)

Marine Life

Sharks

Includes:

  • Sawfish
  • Megalodon (extinct)
  • Helicoprion (extinct)

Cetaceans

Includes:

  • Dolphins
  • Porpoises
  • Whales
  • Orcas
  • Livyatan melvillei (extinct)
  • Cetotherium (extinct)
  • Aetiocetus (extinct)
  • Basilosaurus (extinct)
  • Dorudon (extinct)

Flippered

Includes:

  • Walruses
  • Seals
  • Manatees
  • Sea Lions
  • Otters
  • Enaliarctos (extinct)
  • Kutchicetus (extinct)
  • Maiacetus (extinct)

Rays

Includes:

  • Cyclobatis (extinct)

Cephalopods

Includes:

  • Squid
  • Octopi
  • Jellyfish
  • Cuttlefish
  • Giant Squid
  • Colossal Squid
  • Proteroctopus (extinct)
  • Palaeoctopus (extinct)
  • Vampyronassa (extinct)
  • Pohlsepia (extinct)

Freshwater Fish

Includes:

  • Perch

Earth Life

Canines

Includes:

  • Dogs
  • Wolves
  • Jackals
  • Hyenas
  • Coyotes
  • Aardwolves
  • Foxes
  • Epicyon (extinct)
  • Amphicyon (extinct)
  • Dire Wolf (extinct)
  • Dusicyon (extinct)
  • Proborhyaenidae (extinct)
  • Megistotherium (extinct)
  • Mesonyx (extinct)
  • Aelurodon (extinct)
  • Pachycrocuta (extinct)
  • Ictitherium (extinct)

Felines

Includes:

  • Tigers
  • Cats
  • Lions
  • Cheetahs
  • Jaguars
  • Cougars
  • Sabertooth Tiger/Smilodon (extinct)
  • Panthera Leo Spelaea (extinct)
  • Panthera Leo Atrox (extinct)
  • Sparassodonts (extinct)
  • Thylacoleo (extinct)
  • Miracinonyx (extinct)
  • Dinofelis (extinct)
  • Hoplophoneus (extinct)

Rodents

Includes:

  • Rats
  • Mice
  • Hamsters
  • Squirrels
  • Chipmunks
  • Jerboas
  • Giant Hutias (extinct)
  • Crusafontia (extinct)
  • Eomaia (extinct)
  • Alphadon (extinct)
  • Cronopio (extinct)
  • Docodon (extinct)
  • Juramaia (extinct)
  • Megazostrodon (extinct)

Burrowers

Includes:

  • Moles
  • Shrews
  • Gophers
  • Fruitafossor (extinct)
  • Ceratogaulus (extinct)

Primates

Includes:

  • Gorillas
  • Chimpanzees
  • Baboons
  • Orangutans
  • Gigantopithecus (extinct)
  • Darwinius (extinct)
  • Eosimeus (extinct)
  • Ganlea (extinct)
  • Hadropithecus (extinct)
  • Dryopithecus (extinct)
  • Chalicotherium (extinct)

Bears

I suspect some ancient bears are incorrectly being classified as giant ground sloths. Includes:

  • Polar Bears
  • Grizzly Bears
  • Panda Bears
  • Arctodus (extinct)
  • Tremarctos Floridanus (extinct)
  • Ursus Maritimus Tyrannus (extinct)
  • Arctotherium (extinct)
  • Ursus Spelaeus (extinct)
  • Agriotherium (extinct)
  • Eremotherium (extinct)

Tree-Dwellers

Includes:

  • Koalas
  • Sloths
  • Aye-Ayes
  • Megatherium (extinct)
  • Sloth-Lemurs (extinct)
  • Megalonyx (extinct)
  • Glossotherium (extinct)
  • Paramylodon (extinct)

Armored

Includes:

  • Armadillos
  • Pangolins
  • Doedicurus (extinct)
  • Holmesina (extinct)
  • Ankylosaurs (extinct)
  • Glyptodonts (extinct)
  • Stegosaurs (extinct)
  • Peltephilus (extinct)

Cattle

Equines

Includes:

  • Horses
  • Donkeys
  • Zebras
  • Onagers
  • Dinohippus (extinct)
  • Pliohippus (extinct)
  • Hipparion (extinct)
  • Hippidion (extinct)
  • Anchitherium (extinct)
  • Hypohippus (extinct)
  • Hyracodon (extinct)

Swine

Includes:

  • Pigs
  • Boars
  • Peccaries
  • Daeodon (extinct)
  • Entelodon (extinct)
  • Platygonus (extinct)
  • Mylohyus (extinct)

Oxen

Includes:

  • Cows (Deuteronomy 14:4)
  • Banteng
  • Bison
  • Gayal
  • Yaks
  • Bootherium [extinct]
  • Aurochs [extinct]
  • Bison Antiquus [extinct]

Deer

Includes:

  • Common Deer, e.g. White-Tailed Deer, Mule Deer, Fallow Deer, Roe Deer, Chital (Deuteronomy 14:4)
  • Moose, e.g. Elk, Red Deer, Caribou)
  • Gazelles, e.g. Antelopes (Deuteronomy 14:5)
  • Sheep (Deuteronomy 14:4)
  • Goats (Deuteronomy 14:4)
  • Megaloceros [extinct]
  • Eucladoceros [extinct]
  • Stag-Moose [extinct]

Humped

Includes:

  • Camels (Deuteronomy 14:7)
  • Llamas
  • Camelops (extinct)
  • Hemiauchenia (extinct)

Uintatheres

May be included with elephants. Includes:

  • Rhinos
  • Hippos
  • Arsinoitherium (extinct)
  • Elasmotherium (extinct)
  • Wooly Rhinoceros (extinct)
  • Brontotheriidae (extinct)
  • Uintatherium (extinct)
  • Eobasileus (extinct)
  • Coryphodon (extinct)

Elephants

I am not sure whether they should be classified as Earth Life or Cattle. Includes:

  • Platybelodon (extinct)
  • Mammoths (extinct)
  • Mastodons (extinct)
  • Stegodons (extinct)
  • Deinotherium (extinct)
  • Anancus (extinct)
  • Cuvieronius (extinct)
  • Dwarf Elephant (extinct)

Reptiles

Snakes

Includes:

  • Vipers
  • Pythons
  • Anacondas
  • Pygopodidae
  • Titanoboa (extinct)

Frogs

Includes:

  • Toads

Salamanders

Includes:

  • Newts

Varanidae

Includes:

  • Monitor Lizards
  • Komodo Dragon
  • Iguanas
  • Megalania (now extinct)

Turtles

Difficult to determine where this should be classified. Includes:

  • Giant Tortoises
  • Archelon (extinct)
  • Stupendemys (extinct)
  • Meiolania (extinct)

Humans

Includes:

  • Homo Heidelbergensis (extinct)
  • Neanderthals (extinct)

Uncertain Kinds

Beavers

Possibly includes the Capybara. Includes:

  • Castoroides (extinct)

Lagomorphs

I am still deciding whether these should be included as Rodents. Includes:

  • Rabbits
  • Hares (Deuteronomy 14:7)

Porcupines

Kangaroos

Includes: Procoptodon (extinct)

Giraffes

Strongly considering including it with Camels and Llamas. Includes:

  • Aepycamelus (extinct)

Wombats

Am considering their placement with beavers instead of rodents. Includes:

  • Diprotodon (extinct)

Cockroaches

Includes:

  • Archymylacris (extinct)[3]