Garden of Eden

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A 3-D reconstruction of Antarctica's topography beneath its 2-mile ice layer created using radar survey data. The continent was relatively flat with a 'lazy river' running through what researchers describe as a 'spectacular valley' drained by other slow-moving rivers. Photo credit: Stuart N. Thomson/UA department of geosciences.

The Garden of Eden's existence has been questioned by atheists in the past because the unique river system described in Genesis 2 has not been observed to exist anywhere on Earth, until now. While such a system would have pre-existed the Flood and the breakup of Pangaea described in Genesis 10:25 and 1 Chronicles 1:19, at least some aspects of it should still be identifiable. It is now becoming apparent that GOD locked the Garden of Eden under a continent of ice, a more effective deterrent from human meddling then the original approach, an angel with a flaming sword.

Genesis 3:24 So he drove out the man; and he placed at the east of the garden of Eden Cherubims, and a flaming sword which turned every way, to keep the way of the tree of life.

River System[edit]

The Garden of Eden's unique river system is described in Genesis 2 as splitting into four tributaries which, unusually, stem from Eden itself.

Genesis 2:10-14 And a river went out of Eden to water the garden; and from thence it was parted, and became into four heads. The name of the first is Pison: that is it which compasseth the whole land of Havilah, where there is gold; And the gold of that land is good: there is bdellium and the onyx stone. And the name of the second river is Gihon: the same is it that compasseth the whole land of Ethiopia. And the name of the third river is Hiddekel: that is it which goeth toward the east of Assyria. And the fourth river is Euphrates.

Antarctica Geographical Mapping[edit]

The subglacial Antarctic river system and its overlying ice sheet. Photo credit: L. Prothro, Rice University. Schematic by Lindsay Prothro, Lauren Simkins, and John Anderson of Rice University.

Recent mapping of Antarctica using sonar have revealed for the first time that a complex ancient river system continues to flow liquid water beneath Antarctica's ice, a system which perfectly fits the description in Genesis 2. An ice stream completely reverses retreat direction, first going to the south, then to the west, and finally to the north.[1] Liquid water is able to form in West Antarctica due to the intervention of an ancient rocky structure, a tectonic boundary of the Ross Ice Shelf that separates "warm, melt-promoting ocean water" to keep water liquid in West Antarctica and frozen solid in East Antarctica.[2] East Antarctica shows signs of creation[3] Although it was once believed that Antarctica's geography was the result of glacial carving, it was discovered in late 2018 that it was rather the result of Antarctica's river system.[4]

"Antarctic researchers from Rice University have discovered one of nature's supreme ironies: On Earth's driest, coldest continent, where surface water rarely exists, flowing liquid water below the ice appears to play a pivotal role in determining the fate of Antarctic ice streams... The maps, which were created from state-of-the-art sonar data collected by the National Science Foundation research vessel Nathaniel B. Palmer, revealed how the ice retreated during a period of global warming after Earth's last ice age. In several places, the maps show ancient water courses -- not just a river system, but also the subglacial lakes that fed it.... 'The contemporary observations we have of Antarctic hydrology are recent, spanning maybe a couple decades at best,' Simkins said. 'This is the first observation of an extensive, uncovered, water-carved channel that is connected to both subglacial lakes on the upstream end and the ice margin on the downstream end... the maps show exactly how ice retreated across the channel-lake system. The retreating ice stream in the western Ross Sea made a U-turn to follow the course of an under-ice river. Simkins said that's notable because "it's the only documented example on the Antarctic seafloor where a single ice stream completely reversed retreat direction, in this case to the south and then to the west and finally to the north, to follow a subglacial hydrological system."
-Rice University, Science Daily, 2017.[1]
"The valley is Lambert Graben in East Antarctica, now home to the world's largest glacier. Trapped beneath the ice, the graben (which is German for ditch or trench) is a stunning, deep gorge. But before Antarctica's deep freeze 34 million years ago, the valley was relatively flat and filled by a lazy river, leaving a riddle for geologists to decode: How did Lambert Graben get so steep, and when was it carved?... Here's what the sediments say: From about 250 million to 34 million years ago, the region around Lambert Glacier was relatively flat, and drained by slow-moving rivers, Thomson said. About 34 million years ago, which coincides with a cooling of Earth's climate, big glaciers appeared, shaping the spectacular valley now hidden under thick ice."
-Becky Oskin, LiveScience, 2013.[3]

Nature of Eden[edit]

Artist's depiction of dinosaurs foraging beneath Antarctica's Southern Lights. Photo credit: BBC News.

Watered by Mists[edit]

The vegetation in Eden was also watered by mists which rose up from the ground, indicating a tropical climate system similar to that in rainforests like the Amazon,

Rainforests[edit]

Fossilized tree rings from Antarctica. Photo credit: BBC News.

Antarctica was once covered in lush rainforests similar to those on New Zealand today where dinosaurs foraged for food. To quote Dr. Vanessa Bowman of the University of Leeds, "We commonly find whole fossilised logs that must have come from really big trees."[5]

"'It was a green beautiful place,' said Prof Jane Francis, of Leeds University's School of Earth and Environment. 'Lots of furry mammals including possums and beavers lived there. The weather was tropical. It is only in the recent geological past that it got so cold'... A kilometre under the seabed at Wilkes Land in east Antarctica, they found sediments containing the pollen of plants that only thrive in the tropics today. 'We have found the same kind of material, from the same period, in the Arctic as well. These show the poles were just as warm as lands at the equator,' said Brinkhus. 'Carbon dioxide turned the planet into a uniformly warm hothouse.'"
-Robin McKie, The Guardian, 2011.[6]

Evidence of Pangaea in East Antarctica[edit]

East Antarctica bears signs of Pangaea's breakup.

"But with the help of data from a discontinued European satellite, scientists have now found that East Antarctica is in fact a graveyard of continental remnants. They have created stunning 3-D maps of the southernmost continent’s tectonic underworld and found that the ice has been concealing wreckage of an ancient supercontinent’s spectacular destruction... Kate Winter, who studies Antarctica’s glaciers at Northumbria University in England and wasn’t involved in the study, said that the GOCE satellite data, 'helped us to piece the supercontinent back together in magnificent detail.' GOCE’s eye revealed that East Antarctica is a jigsaw puzzle of at least three geological titans named cratonic provinces. Cratons (from the Greek 'kratos,' meaning 'strength') are stable rocky cores of continents that survived hundreds of millions of years of destructive action by Earth’s plate tectonics. One craton has geological similarities with some of Australia’s bedrock, while another resembles part of India’s. The third is an amalgamation of pieces of old seafloors."
-Robin George Andrews, New York Times, 2018[7]

Sources[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Boyd, J. (2017, August 21). "Hidden River Once Flowed Beneath Antarctic Ice." Rice University.
    Simkins, L., Anderson, J., Greenwood, S., Gonnermann, H., Prothro, L., Halberstadt, A., Stearns, L., Pollard, D., & DeConto, R. (2017, August 21). "Anatomy of a Meltwater Drainage System Beneath the Ancestral East Antarctic Ice Sheet." Nature Geosciences 10:691–697. doi:10.1038/ngeo3012
    Rice University (2017, August 21). "Hidden River Once Flowed Beneath Antarctic Ice." Science Daily.
  2. Pappas, S. (2019, May 29). "Ancient Rocky Structure Found Beneath Antarctica. And It's Messing with the Ice." LiveScience.
  3. 3.0 3.1 Oskin, B. (2013, March 7). "What Antarctica Looked Like Before the Ice." LiveScience.
  4. University of Edinburgh (2018, November 18). "Antarctica's Hidden Landscape Shaped by Rivers in Warmer Era." American Association for the Advancement of Science.
  5. Falcon-Lang, H. (2011, February 8). "Secrets of Antarctica's Fossilized Forests." BBC News.
  6. McKie, R. (2011, July 16). "When Antarctica Was a Tropical Paradise." The Guardian.
  7. Andrews, R.G. (2018, November 23). "Beneath Antarctica's Ice is a Graveyard of Dead Continents." New York Times.